AskDefine | Define file

Dictionary Definition

file

Noun

1 a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together [syn: data file]
2 a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other [syn: single file, Indian file]
3 office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order [syn: file cabinet, filing cabinet]
4 a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal

Verb

1 record in a public office or in a court of law; "file for divorce"; "file a complaint" [syn: register]
2 smooth with a file; "file one's fingernails"
3 proceed in line; "The students filed into the classroom"
4 file a formal charge against; "The suspect was charged with murdering his wife" [syn: charge, lodge]
5 place in a container for keeping records; "File these bills, please" [syn: file away]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology 1

French fil, “thread”, Latin filum, “thread”.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A collection of papers collated and archived together.
  2. In computers, an aggregation of data on a storage device.
Translations
collection of papers
computer terminology
  • Catalan: arxiu
  • Croatian: datoteka
  • Czech: soubor
  • Danish: fil
  • Dutch: bestand
  • Esperanto: dosiero
  • Finnish: tiedosto
  • French: fichier
  • German: Datei
  • Hebrew: קובץ
  • Japanese: ファイル
  • Lithuanian: failas
  • Maltese: fajl
  • Polish: plik
  • Portuguese: arquivo italbrac Brazil, ficheiro italbrac Portugal
  • Romanian: fişier
  • Russian: файл (fajl)
  • Slovene: datoteka
  • Spanish: archivo italbrac Latin America, fichero italbrac Spain
  • Swedish: fil
  • Traditional Chinese: 檔案
  • Turkish: dosya
  • Ukrainian: річ (rič)

Verb

  1. To commit official papers to some office
  2. To place in an archive in a logical place and order
  3. To store a file (1) on a storage medium such as a disc or another computer.
Translations
to commit papers
to archive
to store computer data
  • Dutch: opslaan
  • Finnish: tallentaa
  • Japanese: 保存する (hozon-suru)

Derived terms

Etymology 2

French file, from filer, “to spin out”, “arrange one behind another”, Latin filare, from filum, “thread”.

Noun

  1. A column of people one behind another.
    The troops marched in Indian file.
  2. one of the eight vertical lines of squares on a chessboard (i.e., those which run from number to number). The analog horizontal lines are the ranks.
Translations
column of people
  • Danish:
  • Esperanto: vico
  • Finnish: rivi
  • German: Reihe
  • Japanese: 列
  • Korean: (jul, jur)
  • Maltese: ringiela
  • Portuguese: fila
  • Russian: колонна (kolónna) , вереница (verenítsa)
  • Slovene: kolona
  • Swedish: fil, kö
chess: one of the eight vertical lines on a chessboard
  • Japanese: 列

Verb

  1. To move in a file

Etymology 3

Old English feol. Cognate with Dutch vijl, German Feile.

Noun

  1. A hand tool consisting of a handle to which a block of coarse metal is attached, and used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal
  2. In the context of "slang|archaic": A man, guy, fellow; especially one known for being cunning or resourceful.
Translations
abrasive tool

Verb

  1. to smooth, grind, or cut with a file
    I'd better file the bottoms of the table legs. Otherwise they will scratch the flooring.
Translations
to smooth with a file

Noun

file

Synonyms

Esperanto

Etymology

fil- + -e

Adverb

file
  1. filially (in a filial manner or way)

Finnish

Noun

file

French

Pronunciation

  • /fil/
  • /fil/

Noun

file

Synonyms

Irish

Noun

file

Declension

Italian

Noun

file
  1. Plural of fila
file
  1. In the context of "computing|lang=it": file

Kurdish

Noun

file

Extensive Definition

File has several meanings:
file in Danish: Fil
file in French: File
file in Korean: 파일
file in Dutch: File
file in Japanese: ファイル
file in Simple English: File
file in Slovak: Archív
file in Slovenian: File
file in Urdu: مِلَف

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Indian file, KP, ablate, abrade, abrase, achievement, aculeate, acuminate, alerion, alphabetize, aluminum oxide, ammunition box, analyze, animal charge, annulet, apply for, archives, argent, ark, armorial bearings, armory, arms, army, army group, arrange, array, articulation, ask, ask for, assort, attache case, auto polish, azure, backpack, bandeau, bandolier, bank, bar, bar sinister, barb, bark, baton, battalion, battery, battle group, bearings, beg leave, bend, bend sinister, bespeak, bibliography, billet, billfold, bin, blank, blazon, blazonry, book, boot, bordure, box, break down, briefcase, brigade, broad arrow, bulletin board, bundle away, bunker, buzz, cache, cadency mark, cadre, caisson, calendar, call for, canister, canton, capsula, capsule, card, card catalog, cardcase, carton, carve, case, casket, catalog, catalog card, catalogue raisonne, categorize, catena, catenation, cedar chest, chafe, chain, chain reaction, chaining, chalk, chalk up, chancery, chaplet, charge, check in, chest, chevron, chief, chirograph, chronicle, chronologize, cigarette case, cist, class, classified catalog, classify, coat of arms, cockatrice, codify, coffer, coffin, cohort, colcothar, column, combat command, combat team, compact, company, complete, concatenation, cone, connection, consecution, continuum, coronet, corps, corundum, course, crate, crave, crescent, crest, crib, crocus, cross, cross moline, crown, cuspidate, cut, cycle, data, defile, demand, deposit, descent, desire, detachment, detail, device, difference, differencing, digest, disc, dispatch box, divide, division, docket, document, documentation, dossier, drone, eagle, echelon, edge, emery, emery board, emery paper, endless belt, endless round, engrave, enroll, enscroll, enter, enumerate, envelope, erase, ermine, ermines, erminites, erminois, erode, escutcheon, etui, falcon, fess, fess point, field, field army, field train, file folder, file for, file off, files, filiation, filing box, filing card, filing system, fill out, film, finding list, flanch, fleur-de-lis, flying column, folder, folio, footslog, form, fray, frazzle, fret, fur, fusil, gall, gamut, garland, garnet, garrison, gnaw, gnaw away, go on parade, goose-step, gradation, grade, grate, grave, graze, griffin, grind, group, gules, gyron, handlist, hatchment, helmet, heraldic device, hike, holograph, holster, hone, honor point, hope chest, housewife, hum, hussy, hutch, impalement, impaling, impanel, incise, indent, index, index card, inescutcheon, information, inscribe, insert, instrument, inventory, itemize, jot down, keep score, kit, kitchen police, label, lay away, lay down, lay in, lay in store, legal document, legal instrument, legal paper, legion, letter file, library catalog, line, lineage, lion, list, lodge, log, lozenge, magnetic tape, make a memorandum, make a note, make a request, make a requisition, make an entry, make application, make out, maniple, mantling, march, march past, mark down, marshaling, martlet, mascle, matriculate, metal, microcard, microdot, microfiche, microfilm, minute, monotone, monstrance, motion-picture film, motto, mullet, mush, nail file, nexus, nombril point, note, note down, octofoil, official document, oilstone, or, order, ordinary, organization, organize, orle, ostensorium, outfit, pack away, packet, packing case, pale, paly, paper, papers, parade, parchment, pean, pendulum, periodicity, personal file, phalanx, pheon, phonograph record, pigeonhole, pigeonholes, pillbox, place, place upon record, platoon, platter, plenum, pod, point, polishes, poll, portfolio, posse, post, post up, powder box, powder train, program, progression, promenade, pumice, pumice stone, purpure, put away, put down, put in for, put in order, put in writing, put on paper, put on tape, quarter, quartering, queue, quiver, rack, range, rank, rasp, rate, raze, record, recurrence, reduce to writing, regiment, register, register office, registry, reliquary, reposit, request, requisition, reservoir, reset, reticulation, roll, rose, rotation, rottenstone, rouge, round, routine, row, rub away, rub off, rub out, run, sable, salt away, salt down, saltire, sand, sandblast, sandpaper, sarcophagus, scabbard, scale, schedule, score, scoreboard, scorecard, scoresheet, scour, scrape, scrip, script, scroll, scrub, scuff, scutcheon, section, sequence, series, set, set down, sharpen, sheath, shield, shoe polish, silicon carbide, silver polish, single file, skin, skippet, slip, snuffbox, socket, sort, spectacle case, spectrum, spiculate, spread eagle, spur, squad, squadron, stash, store, store away, stow, stow away, stow down, strap, string, strop, subdivide, submit, subordinary, succession, swath, systematize, tabulate, tactical unit, take down, tally, tape, tape-record, taper, task force, tea chest, tenne, thread, ticker tape, tier, till, tincture, tinderbox, torse, train, tramp, tressure, troop, type, unicorn, unit, vair, vanity case, vasculum, vert, videotape, walk, wallet, warehouse, wax, wear, wear away, whet, whistle for, windrow, wing, wish, wreath, writ, write, write down, write in, write out, write up, writing, yale
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